when to use nicht
That's the reason why both DWDS Wortinformation Nicht is used even in cases of adverb being negated. “mein,” “dein,” etc; we’ll, a proper noun (i.e. Don’t worry if you’re not sure yet what a preposition is; we’ll learn more about this soon! I just want to know if there is a rule for when to use nicht. The subject, the verb, and the direct object (if there is one): Ich sehe den Stuhl, Expressions of specific time: Ich arbeite. “Generic” parts of the verb at the end of the sentence, as described above. Your contribution supports us in maintaining and developing our services. will precede the noun. You can search the forum without needing to register. (aus dem heutigen Spiegel/aus der heutigen Ausgabe des Spiegels). PONS Online Dictionary Any advice for my dilemma? Therefore if it’s to do with actions or situations you should use nicht. Kein vs Nicht Learning German can be a difficult task for English speaking people. Ich habe nicht aufgeräumt. Der Hinweis auf Adverb und vorgezogenes Objekt ist gar nicht nötig, Helfer. If the word nicht is used to negate a word or group of words, then the word nicht is placed directly before the word it is negating. But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. Finally, note that all of these rules may be “overruled” (get it? ) Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102 Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). You need to be logged in to start a new thread. Mir fehlt als Muttersprachler das theoretische Grammatikwissen für eine Erklärung. a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. Duden Wörterbuch, General Links You have to keep in mind a few points, and nicht will fall right into place. Kein negates a noun. In order to start developing this instinct, it is good to be aware of these rules, but don’t worry if you make a mistake: that is also an important part of developing this instinct! This is best explained by thinking about eating meat [das Fleisch]. Thank you for supporting LEO by making a donation. If you’re negating a particular element of the sentence (an adjective, an object, an adverb, etc), then you should place nicht directly before it: If you’re negating the entire idea of the sentence, or the verb itself, then nicht should go as far toward the end as possible. “nicht” will come just before the verb at the end of the sentence. It is also used when the noun getting negated has a pronoun that is possessive in nature. Ich will nicht ins Kino gehen. Doch das lassen die Bestimmungen des Internationalen Leichtathletik-Verbandes nicht zu. Pronunciation Links These rules can have exceptions, and it is difficult to learn them all, but one quickly develops an instinct for the proper position of “nicht” in most cases, so this should not worry you. a name, usually following “sein” or “heißen”) Wikipedia – Deutsch Any advice for my dilemma? Leipzig Wortschatz Deutsch Currently, I've been using "nicht" for nearly all cases of negation (e.g "Ich will die Wasser nicht"). If you want to say that you don’t eat meat, you would say “Ich esse, In other words, when we say that in the sentence “Ich esse. Nicht negates everything else. © University of Michigan. Click here for more information! ⇨ I can’t park here. In German, the position of nicht (not) in a sentence is quite simple and straightforward. Nein, ich sehe ihn nicht. Grammar - everything you need to know about Negation: nicht/kein. Ich will nicht dieses Buch, sondern das andere. Use “nicht” if what you are negating is. (To D.M.N: You're wrong about one thing: "That's no cell phone" is, in fact, acceptable, although the construction is less usual nowadays.) German Department. If there is no specific part of the sentence that is being negated, nicht will come at the end. When there is a noun that needs to be negated, and it is a definite article, it is Nicht that tends to be used. Use "kein" to negate a noun, use "nicht" to negate anything else, and if you have a choice of words to negate, choose the noun. - … Linguee online dictionary Here is a bit more information about these rules: If there are several such elements in a sentence, nicht will generally come after all of the ones it tends to follow, and before all the ones it tends to precede. a name, usually following “sein” or “heißen”), Nicht will precede the specific word that is being negated. ⇨ I’m not going to work.
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12th November 2018