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southern magnolia size

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Senator. Yields fruit that is 3–8" long, attracting birds. Magnolia grandiflora is a very popular ornamental tree throughout its native range in the coastal plain of the Gulf/South Atlantic states. Halls, L. K. 1977. Originally developed in 1952 by Steed's Nursery in. 'Edith Bogue' was brought to the coastal plain of New Jersey from Florida in the 1920s. 'Exmouth' was developed in the early 18th century by John Colliton in Devon. On the West Coast, it can be grown as far north as the Vancouver, B.C., Canada area, though cooler summers on the West Coast slow growth compared to the East Coast. Has a shallow and wide-spreading root system. With a vigorous classic pyramidal shape, this cultivar grows to 35 ft with a 15-ft spread. The leaves are large and deep green, but lack the brown. [21], The leaves are heavy and tend to fall year round from the interior of the crown and form a dense cover over the soil surface,[21] and they have been used in decorative floral arrangements. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. 'Little Gem', a dwarf cultivar, is grown in more moderate climates, roughly from New Jersey, Maryland and the Virginias southward. Dig your hole slightly larger than the root system of the plant, 2 to 3 … It was transplanted by President Andrew Jackson from his home in Nashville, Tennessee, in memory of his beloved wife Rachel. It's range extends across the south from North Carolina to Texas and south to Florida. Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin words grandis "big", and flor- "flower". 'Southern Charm' is a dwarf form that grows into a bushy shrub with a pyramidal shape up to 20-25 ft high and 10 ft wide. [6], Magnolia grandiflora is most commonly known as southern magnolia, a name derived from its range in the Southern United States. It is found on the edges of bodies of water and swamps, in association with sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), water oak (Quercus nigra), and black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Blooms May through June, with some blossoms throughout the summer months. Many large and very old specimens can be found in the subtropical port cities such as Houston, TX; New Orleans, LA; Mobile, Alabama; Jacksonville, FL; Savannah, GA; Charleston, SC; and Wilmington, NC. The southern magnolia can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 6–10. Large, creamy white and very fragrant flowers grace this broad leafed evergreen in late spring and early summer. [27] Some cultivars have been found to be more cold hardy, they include: Magnolia grandiflora contains phenolic constituents shown to possess significant antimicrobial activity. Both laid claim to being the namesake of the tree and James finally resolved the good-natured debate by purchasing the land the tree stood on and making his home there for over 30 years. Magnolia grandiflora is a medium to large evergreen tree which may grow 120 ft (37 m) tall. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. 'Goliath' was developed by Caledonia Nurseries of Guernsey, and has a bushier habit and globular flowers of up to 30 cm (12 in) diameter. [4] Squirrels, opossums, quail, and turkey are known to eat the seeds. He did not select a type specimen. The other, James K. Jones, became a U.S. The national champion is a specimen in Smith County, Mississippi, that stands an incredible 37 m (121 ft). Another record includes a 35-m-high specimen from the Chickasawhay District, De Soto National Forest, in Mississippi, which measured 17.75 ft in circumference at breast height, from 1961, and a 30-m-tall tree from Baton Rouge, which reached 18 ft in circumference at breast height. A great many tall and stately magnolia trees dot the lawns in Southern landscapes and where we live in Houston, Texas is no exception. [4] It grows on sand-hills in maritime forests, where it is found growing with live oaks and saw palmetto (Serenoa repens). Some call it the Jones Magnolia because two unrelated boys were born to Jones families the same year the tree was planted. [17] There was a tradition of gifting cuttings or seedlings grown from the tree: Reagan gifted a cutting to his Chief of Staff Howard Baker upon his retirement, and Michelle Obama donated a seedling to the "people's garden" of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Within ten years your tree will be approaching, or even exceeding, 20 feet tall, but be only 8 to 10 feet wide.

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