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romans 14 commentary

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Now walkest thou not charitably - Κατα αγαπην, According to love; for love worketh no ill to its neighbor; but by thy eating some particular kind of meat, on which neither thy life nor well-being depends, thou workest ill to him by grieving and distressing his mind; and therefore thou breakest the law of God in reference to him, while pretending that thy Christian liberty raises thee above his scruples. From this verse we learn that a man for whom Christ died may perish, or have his soul destroyed; and destroyed with such a destruction as implies perdition; the original is very emphatic, μη - εκεινον απολλυε, ὑπερ οὑ Χριστος απεθανε . Happy is he that condemneth not, etc. But why do you judge your brother? We may offer advice to others about doubtful things, but should never judge them. Every knee shall bow: The quotation from Isaiah 45:23 emphasizes the fact that all will have to appear before God in humility, and give account of himself before God. And a Jew when in a heathen country acts thus, because he cannot tell whether the flesh which is sold in the market may be of a clean or unclean beast; whether it may not have been offered to an idol; or whether the blood may have been taken properly from it. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind. For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself. For meat destroy not the work of God - Do not hinder the progress of the Gospel either in your own souls or in those of others, by contending about lawful or unlawful meats. a. There are few readers who have not remarked that the last three verses of this epistle ( Romans 16:25-27;) appear to stand in their present place without any obvious connection; and apparently after the epistle is concluded. It may be necessary to repeat the words here that the reader may see with what propriety they connect with the subject which terminates the fourteenth chapter as it now stands. This is very likely, as there is no evidence that he had any other intercourse with the Church at Rome. End every tongue shall confess to God.”. Another - The converted Gentile esteemeth every day - considers that all time is the Lord's, and that each day should be devoted to the glory of God; and that those festivals are not binding on him. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Let us not, therefore, judge one another any more - Let us abandon such rash conduct; it is dangerous, it is uncharitable: judgment belongs to the Lord, and he will condemn those only who should not be acquitted. Real happiness is found being closer and closer to Jesus, and by not being condemned by what we approve. An English proverb says, “Faults are thick where love is thin”; but God demonstrates the opposite and to a greater extent: “faults are thin where love is thick.” In the first half of the letter to the Romans, Paul focuses on God’s love for believers: “God shows his love for us in that while we … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 14:1-12" Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. a. When we admonish or rebuke, we do it over clear Scriptural principles, not over doubtful things. They may lack exercise (needing exhortation). It appears, farther, that mutual censures and uncharitable judgments prevailed among them, and that brotherly love and mutual forbearance did not generally prevail. None of us should live unto himself, but unto Christ, who lived and died for us, Romans 14:7-9. For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself. And yet, after having given them this decisive judgment, through respect to the tender, mistaken conscience of weak believers, he immediately adds: But to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean; because if he act contrary to his conscience, he must necessarily contract guilt; for he who acts in opposition to his conscience in one case may do it in another, and thus even the plain declarations of the word of God may be set aside on things of the utmost importance, as well as the erroneous though well-intentioned dictates of his conscience, on matters which he makes of the last consequence; though others who are better taught know them to be indifferent. And he that doubteth - This verse is a necessary part of the preceding, and should be read thus: But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith. If we do that, then it could rightly be spoken of as evil. Let every man be fully persuaded - With respect to the propriety or non-propriety of keeping the above festivals, let every man act from the plenary conviction of his own mind; there is a sufficient latitude allowed: all may be fully satisfied. It is very likely that they were added by some early hand by way of illustration. But why dost thou - Christian Jew, observing the rites of the Mosaic law, judge - condemn thy brother - the Christian Gentile, who does not think himself bound by this law? By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Εχω have, has frequently this emphatical signification. A good lesson for modern Christians in general. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, One believeth that he may eat all things -, Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/romans-14.html. Christ died in his stead; do not destroy his soul. Let us therefore follow - Far from contending about meats, drinks, and festival times, in which it is not likely that the Jews and Gentiles will soon agree, let us endeavor to the utmost of our power to promote peace and unanimity, that we may be instrumental in edifying each other, in promoting religious knowledge and piety instead of being stumbling-blocks in each other's way. Commentaries for Romans Chapter 14 The Jewish converts cautioned against judging, and Gentile believers against despising one the other. It may not be that the thing itself is clearly good or bad, but it is enough that God speaks to us about the matter. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. So then each of us shall give account of himself to God. And it is well known to critics, that two MSS. Whether we live or die, we are the Lord’s: From beginning to end, our lives are to be dedicated to God. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. c. Nor do anything by which your brother stumbles or is offended or is made weak: However, we shouldn’t think that Paul would permit this kind of heart to cater to someone’s legalism. See several examples in Schoettgen. After each game, the winners came before the judge’s seat to receive crowns for first, second, and third places. - The term faith seems to signify in this place a full persuasion in a man's mind that he is right, that what he does is lawful, and has the approbation of God and his conscience. b. Or is made weak - Η ασθενει, from α, negative, and σθενος, strength; without mental vigor; without power sufficiently to distinguish between right and wrong, good and evil, lawful and unlawful. Paul speaks about the stumbling of a sincere heart, not catering to the whims of someone’s legalism. The judgment seat of Christ: “This is the bema seat, equivalent to the judge’s seat in the Olympic Games. Entertain a brother of this kind rather with what may profit his soul, than with curious disquisitions on speculative points of doctrine. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. b. Reference is made here to the Jewish institutions, and especially their festivals; such as the passover, pentecost, feast of tabernacles, new moons, jubilee, etc. i. - That man only can enjoy peace of conscience who acts according to the full persuasion which God has given him of the lawfulness of his conduct: whereas he must be miserable who allows himself in the practice of any thing for which his conscience upbraids and accuses him. For God hath received him - Both being sincere and upright, and acting in the fear of God, are received as heirs of eternal life, without any difference on account of these religious scruples or prejudices. A and I, with upwards of 100 others, together with the Slavonic, the later Syriac and Arabic, add those verses at the end of the fourteenth chapter. i. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. We add here alike, and make the text say what I am sure was never intended, viz. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves: Not every Christian knows this happiness. Griesbach inserts them at the end of this chapter as their proper place; and most learned men approve of this transposition. He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it. For none of us lives to himself, and no one dies to himself: We must understand that from beginning to end our life is connected to other lives. This is a most excellent maxim, and every genuine Christian should be careful to try every part of his conduct by it. In a word, it is happiness brought into the soul by the Holy Spirit, and maintained there by the same influence. Therefore do not let your good be spoken of as evil; for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.

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