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esl gerund or infinitive

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Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. However, just reading through a list won’t help students remember the verbs. It’s especially important for lower-level students to have a list of such verbs. As the students progress through the years, these lessons will serve as reminders of how they can perfect their English writing and speech. ), Her hobbies include reading. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you This is the first part of a set planned to help my B1 students with the use of gerund or infinitive after some of the most common verbs. This site has exercises that can be graded online as well as thorough explanations. Be part of an empowering and collaborative community? The teacher can write a list of verbs on the board and have students try to put them in categories for either gerunds or infinitives. Welcome! FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. 11 Useful Tips to Boost Your Intermediate ESL Students’ Reading Comprehension, 7 ESL Video Activities That Your Students Will Love. I’ve also included example sentences and practice questions for you. Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL Classroom, 5 ESL Listening Exercises to Sharpen Your Students’ Ears, How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson, 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget, 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old, 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons, 7 Irresistibly Fun ESL Video Activities to Teach Listening Comprehension. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Alternatively, the teacher can hand out a list of common verbs for students to create their own categories. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. With more advanced students, you can include more academic vocabulary for them to use in essays. Not to mention, it’s guaranteed to get your students excited about English! a gerund as a subject, an infinitive as a complement, etc.). ), Henry wants to study English. For example, if a student taps on the word “brought,” they’ll see this: Plus, these great videos are all accompanied by interactive features and active learning tools for students, like multimedia flashcards and fun games like “fill in the blank.”. It’s got a huge collection of authentic English videos that people in the English-speaking world actually watch on the regular. This definition may seem straightforward to those of us who are native English speakers with an understanding of grammar. They now have two forms of a verb that serve the same purpose in a sentence. Armed with the proper explanations and exercises, teachers can make lessons about gerunds and infinitives less confusing for ESL students. Tip 1: Both gerunds and infinitives follow certain verbs — you’ll learn much more about which verbs below. The first few sentences should only contain a gerund, infinitive or progressive tense verb. Make a positive impact? As teachers, we must clearly define the gerunds and infinitives, provide simple examples for the students to see and correct the confusion between the two grammatical terms. An infinitive is a verb preceded by “to” that is used as a subject, object or complement of a sentence. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Words come with example sentences and definitions. can take anywhere. (Gerund as a complement.). When it comes to objects of sentences, teachers must review verbs that are followed by gerunds — such as keep and dislike — and those that are followed by infinitives — such as need and want — as well as those that are interchangeable. When they see a gerund as an activity (a non-physical object), they begin to see the difference between the word as a verb and a noun. Maintain flexible hours? This exercise will reinforce the correct sentence structure and help you identify which students understand the grammar and which need more help. It’s perfect for in-class activities, group projects and solo homework assignments. The teacher should emphasize the preposition that precedes the gerund. After students have completed the exercise, the teacher can ask for volunteers to write sentences on the board for the class to review and, in some cases, correct. Basic Gerunds and Infinitives. It’s more effective to have the students write their own lists. Most ESL teachers introduce gerunds along with infinitives, which most students find easier to understand. Students need to see the placement of the words in a sentence to grasp the concept of gerunds and progressive tense verbs. No way. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. ESL teachers and private tutors often complain of having a hard time explaining gerunds to their confused students. Please check your email for further instructions. The problem, however, is that when these two ideas are introduced at the same time, students become more confused about differences in definitions and when to use each one. Tip 2: Gerunds follow prepositions in a sentence, including prepositions in phrasal verbs. For other levels, you can challenge the students by including sentences that contain all three. The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get! In these cases, we have to choose to use either an infinitive or a gerund. Teachers can tell students to use this resource on their own or use it in place of worksheets in class, assuming the classroom is equipped with computers. If students are able to identify the gerund, infinitive and progressive tense in a sentence, they should also be able to identify and correct mistakes. Again, this is a straightforward definition for those of us with an understanding of grammar, but you can probably already see the potential for confusion in the classroom. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Give them the example of “I want to go” vs. “I enjoy going” On the white/chalkboard, write “Verb + infinitive” on the left side, and “Verb + Gerund” on the right. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. In this situation, try changing the sentence and saying what you want to say in a different way. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. This free gerunds and infinitves worksheet helps students to learn and practice commonly used gerund and infinitive forms. This will help students understand which verbs precede the gerund, infinitive or both. This should be the case for almost all example sentences for lower-level students. Reading helps students learn English. (Infinitive as a complement.). Provide a few verbs and tell the students to use each one as an infinitive or gerund in different ways (i.e. ), He wants a better job to earn more money. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Students will have a difficult time remembering which verbs are followed by a gerund and which are followed by an infinitive.

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